Abide Validation

Abide is an HTML5 form validation library that supports the native API by using patterns and required attributes.

Passwords must be at least 8 characters with 1 capital letter, 1 number, and one special character.
Passwords must match.
Valid email required.
Valid URL required.

Setting Up Validation

To enable validation with Abide, add the data-abide attribute to your form element. Then add the required attribute to each input that you want to require. Additionally, you can define a pattern to define restraints on what users can input.

<form data-abide> <div class="name-field"> <label>Your name <small>required</small> <input type="text" required pattern="[a-zA-Z]+"> </label> <small class="error">Name is required and must be a string.</small> </div> <div class="email-field"> <label>Email <small>required</small> <input type="email" required> </label> <small class="error">An email address is required.</small> </div> <button type="submit">Submit</button> </form>

Predefined Patterns

Abide has several patterns common validation patterns built into the library:

Name Valid Example or Format
alpha Foundation
alpha_numeric A1Sauce
integer -1
number 2937
card visa, amex, mastercard
cvv 384 or 3284
email contact@get.foundation
url https://get.foundation
domain get.foundation
datetime YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssTZD
time HH:MM:SS
dateISO not sure yet
month_day_year MM/DD/YYYY
color #FFF or #FFFFFF

You can also use these patterns by setting the input's type to the name of the pattern instead of using the pattern attribute:

<input type="email" required> <input type="url">

There is a good list of valid HTML5 input types on the Mozilla Developer Network. Try avoiding patterns defined by type that do not match the specification.

You can use the following shortcut for named patterns that aren't valid input types:

<input type="text" pattern="integer">

Custom Named Patterns

By overriding Abide during Foundation initilization, you can define your own custom patterns or override the default patterns to validate against.

$(document) .foundation({ abide : { patterns: { dashes_only: /^[0-9-]*$/, ip_address: /^((25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|1[0-9][0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|[0-9])\.){3}(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|1[0-9][0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|[0-9])$/ } } });

You can then use these custom patterns like you would the predefined patterns in your markup:

<form class="custom" data-abide> <label>Serial Number <input type="text" pattern="dashes_only" required> </label> </form>

Equal To

To add a confirmation field, you can define the data-equalto attribute.

<form data-abide> <div class="password-field"> <label>Password <small>required</small> <input type="password" id="password" required pattern="[a-zA-Z]+"> </label> <small class="error">Your password must match the requirements</small> </div> <div class="password-confirmation-field"> <label>Confirm Password <small>required</small> <input type="password" required pattern="[a-zA-Z]+" data-equalto="password"> </label> <small class="error">The password did not match</small> </div> <button type="submit">Submit</button> </form>

Error Messages

To display an error message for your invalid form element, include a small tag with an error class as a sibling of your input.

<div class="input-wrapper"> <label>Email Address <small>required</small> <input type="email" required> </label> <small class="error">A valid email address is required.</small> </div>

We have wrapped our input in a div in the example above. This div will receive an error class when the input is invalid. This class will show our error message and style the label and input accordingly.

Invalid inputs inherit a data-invalid attribute.


If a submit event is fired, a valid.fndtn.abide event is triggered when the form is valid and an invalid.fndtn.abide event is triggered when the form is invalid.

Deprecation Notice

Previous versions of the abide plugin emitted un-namespaced valid and invalid events, however, these have been replaced by the namespaced valid.fndtn.abide and invalid.fndtn.abide events. The un-namespaced events have been fully deprecated.

You can bind to these events and fire your own callback:

$('#myForm') .on('invalid.fndtn.abide', function () { var invalid_fields = $(this).find('[data-invalid]'); console.log(invalid_fields); }) .on('valid.fndtn.abide', function () { console.log('valid!'); });

To handle the submit event yourself, use data-abide="ajax" instead of data-abide inside the form tag.

<form data-abide="ajax" id="myform"> <div class="name-field"> <label>Your name <small>required</small> <input type="text" name="users_name" required pattern="[a-zA-Z]+"> </label> <small class="error">Name is required and must be a string.</small> </div> <button type="submit">Submit</button> </form>
$('#myform').on('valid.fndtn.abide', function() { // Handle the submission of the form });

Custom Validators

equalTo is actually an example of a built-in validator. To get an idea of how validators work, check out the implementation of equalTo:

equalTo: function(el, required, parent) { var from = document.getElementById(el.getAttribute(this.add_namespace('data-equalto'))).value, to = el.value, valid = (from === to); return valid; }

Your function will be passed three arguments: el, required, and parent. These are the elements being validated, whether or not it was marked as required, and the parent of the element being validated, respectively. Your function should return true if the element is valid, or false if it is invalid. You can define your custom validators and pass them into abide options when initializing foundation. See the Configuration section for more details on defining custom validators.

Suppose you've defined a custom validator diceRoll which randomly marks your element as valid or invalid. You would use it like so:

<input type="text" data-abide-validator="diceRoll">

Additionally, if you are using a custom validator and specify an input type or a pattern on the input, Abide will check both when validating the input. The following will check your input value against the built in email pattern as well as your isAllowed custom validator function:

<input type="email" data-abide-validator="isAllowed">

You can also use multiple custom validators if you wish by separating the names of the custom validators with a space. The input, however, must pass ALL validations in order for the input to be considered valid. The example below would only be valid if the the outcome of diceRoll is true AND the input is within the array of accepted inputs of isAllowed.

<input type="email" data-abide-validator="diceRoll isAllowed">


For the most part, Abide is accessible on its own. Our JavaScript will add the attribute aria-invalid to any form fields deemed invalid. However, to properly connect errors to form fields, you'll need to do a little extra work. The error's container should have a unique ID, which our JavaScript will use to bind the error message to its input if there's an error.

<form data-abide> <div class="name-field"> <label for="input-example">Your name <small>required</small></label> <input id="input-example" type="text" required pattern="[a-zA-Z]+"> <small class="error">Name is required and must be a string.</small> </div> </form>

Adding New Abide Content After Page Load

If you add new content after the page has been loaded, you will need to reinitialize the Foundation JavaScript by running the following:

$(document).foundation('abide', 'reflow');

Reflow will make Foundation check the DOM for any elements and re-apply any listeners to them.

Using the Javascript

Before you can use Abide you'll want to verify that jQuery and foundation.js are available on your page. You can refer to the Javascript documentation on setting that up.

Just add foundation.abide.js AFTER the foundation.js file. Your markup should look something like this:

<body> ... <script src="js/foundation/foundation.js"></script> <script src="js/foundation/foundation.abide.js"></script> <!-- Other JS plugins can be included here --> <script> $(document).foundation(); </script> </body>

Required Foundation Library: foundation.abide.js

Optional Javascript Configuration

$(document).foundation({ abide : { live_validate : true, // validate the form as you go validate_on_blur : true, // validate whenever you focus/blur on an input field focus_on_invalid : true, // automatically bring the focus to an invalid input field error_labels: true, // labels with a for="inputId" will recieve an `error` class // the amount of time Abide will take before it validates the form (in ms). // smaller time will result in faster validation timeout : 1000, patterns : { alpha: /^[a-zA-Z]+$/, alpha_numeric : /^[a-zA-Z0-9]+$/, integer: /^[-+]?\d+$/, number: /^[-+]?[1-9]\d*$/, // amex, visa, diners card : /^(?:4[0-9]{12}(?:[0-9]{3})?|5[1-5][0-9]{14}|6(?:011|5[0-9][0-9])[0-9]{12}|3[47][0-9]{13}|3(?:0[0-5]|[68][0-9])[0-9]{11}|(?:2131|1800|35\d{3})\d{11})$/, cvv : /^([0-9]){3,4}$/, // http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/states-of-the-type-attribute.html#valid-e-mail-address email : /^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+\/=?^_`{|}~-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9](?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9](?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?)*$/, url: /(https?|ftp|file|ssh):\/\/(((([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(%[\da-f]{2})|[!\$&'\(\)\*\+,;=]|:)*@)?(((\d|[1-9]\d|1\d\d|2[0-4]\d|25[0-5])\.(\d|[1-9]\d|1\d\d|2[0-4]\d|25[0-5])\.(\d|[1-9]\d|1\d\d|2[0-4]\d|25[0-5])\.(\d|[1-9]\d|1\d\d|2[0-4]\d|25[0-5]))|((([a-zA-Z]|\d|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(([a-zA-Z]|\d|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])*([a-zA-Z]|\d|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])))\.)+(([a-zA-Z]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(([a-zA-Z]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])*([a-zA-Z]|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])))\.?)(:\d*)?)(\/((([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(%[\da-f]{2})|[!\$&'\(\)\*\+,;=]|:|@)+(\/(([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(%[\da-f]{2})|[!\$&'\(\)\*\+,;=]|:|@)*)*)?)?(\?((([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(%[\da-f]{2})|[!\$&'\(\)\*\+,;=]|:|@)|[\uE000-\uF8FF]|\/|\?)*)?(\#((([a-zA-Z]|\d|-|\.|_|~|[\u00A0-\uD7FF\uF900-\uFDCF\uFDF0-\uFFEF])|(%[\da-f]{2})|[!\$&'\(\)\*\+,;=]|:|@)|\/|\?)*)?/, // abc.de domain: /^([a-zA-Z0-9]([a-zA-Z0-9\-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?\.)+[a-zA-Z]{2,6}$/, datetime: /([0-2][0-9]{3})\-([0-1][0-9])\-([0-3][0-9])T([0-5][0-9])\:([0-5][0-9])\:([0-5][0-9])(Z|([\-\+]([0-1][0-9])\:00))/, // YYYY-MM-DD date: /(?:19|20)[0-9]{2}-(?:(?:0[1-9]|1[0-2])-(?:0[1-9]|1[0-9]|2[0-9])|(?:(?!02)(?:0[1-9]|1[0-2])-(?:30))|(?:(?:0[13578]|1[02])-31))/, // HH:MM:SS time : /(0[0-9]|1[0-9]|2[0-3])(:[0-5][0-9]){2}/, dateISO: /\d{4}[\/\-]\d{1,2}[\/\-]\d{1,2}/, // MM/DD/YYYY month_day_year : /(0[1-9]|1[012])[- \/.](0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])[- \/.](19|20)\d\d/, // #FFF or #FFFFFF color: /^#?([a-fA-F0-9]{6}|[a-fA-F0-9]{3})$/ }, validators: { diceRoll: function(el, required, parent) { var possibilities = [true, false]; return possibilities[Math.round(Math.random())]; }, isAllowed: function(el, required, parent) { var possibilities = ['a@zurb.com', 'b.zurb.com']; return possibilities.indexOf(el.val) > -1; } } } });

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